Buildings hold a sizeable share of total energy consumption and therefore make a significant contribution to CO2 emissions. This is made worse by the characteristically inefficient utilisation of energy. Any serious attempt to tackle climate change and meet the Paris climate goals will not succeed with serious contribution from the building sector.
Residential energy consumption in the GCC has been rapidly increasing relative to other countries. Understandably air conditioning drives electricity consumption and determines its seasonal change.
Improving energy efficiency of air conditioning as well as the building envelope are most effective measures for improving energy efficiency in residential buildings and reducing thud energy consumption and CO2 emissions.
Integrated monitoring, analysis, and control methodologies can I principle reduce this significantly. However, the adoption of monitoring and control systems for building management and control applications is hampered by the unavailability of appropriate tool environments.
A holistic system architecture integrating IT systems at design, construction, and operation stages of buildings can provide a platform for optimization of building energy characteristics.
Smart Buildings: Using Smart Technology to Save Energy in existing Buildings (American Council for an Energy - Efficient Economy)
Integrated System Platform for Energy Efficient Building Operations (American Society of Civil Engineers)